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    2023年小升初英语语法知识点汇编14篇

    来源:网友投稿 发布时间:2023-07-13 14:18:02

    小升初英语语法知识点第1篇(1)后接名词或代词,表示喜欢某人或某物。如:Ilikethebabyvery我非常喜欢这个小孩。(2)后接动名词(-ing),表示“喜欢做某事”,着重于习惯、爱好。如:To下面是小编为大家整理的小升初英语语法知识点汇编14篇,供大家参考。

    小升初英语语法知识点汇编14篇

    小升初英语语法知识点 第1篇

    (1)后接名词或代词,表示喜欢某人或某物。如:I like the baby very 我非常喜欢这个小孩。

    (2)后接动名词( -ing),表示“喜欢做某事”,着重于习惯、爱好。如:Tom likes playing 汤姆喜欢踢足球。

    (3)后接动词不定式(to do ),表示“偶尔地喜欢做某事”,着重于某次具体的行为。如:I like reading, but I like to watch TV this 我喜欢读书,但我今晚想看电视。

    小升初英语语法知识点 第2篇

    (1)想干什么用want to do sth

    They want to join the sports 他们想加入运动俱乐部。

    (2)第三人称单数作主语,want要作变化

    ①He wants to play

    ②Li Xia wants to play the

    (3)变疑问句,否定句要借助助动词do或

    ①-Do you want to play soccer ball ?

    -Yes, I do . / No , I don’

    ②-Does he want to go home by bus ?

    -Yes, he does . / No , he doesn’t

    小升初英语语法知识点 第3篇

    (一)名词单复数

    一般情况,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

    以 ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

    以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

    以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives

    不规则名词复数:

    man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice

    child-children, foot-feet, tooth-teeth, fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese,Japanese-Japanese

    不可数名词的复数就是原型:
    paper, juice, water, milk, rice, tea

    (二)名词的格

    (1) 有生命的东西的名词所有格:

    a) 单数后加 ’s 如:
    Lucy’s ruler my father’s shirt

    b) 以s 结尾的复数名词后加 ’如:
    his friends’ bags

    c) 不以s 结尾的复数后加 ’s children’s shoes

    ? 并列名词中,如果把 ’s加在最后一个名词后,表示共有, 如:

    Tom and Mike’s car 汤姆和迈克共有的小汽车

    ? 要表示所有物不是共有的,应分别在并列名词后加’s

    Tom’s and Mike’s cars 汤姆和麦克各自的小汽车

    (2)表示无生命东西的名词通常用“ of +名词”来表示所有关系:如:

    a picture of the classroom a map of China

    小升初英语语法知识点 第4篇

    allow sb to do sth 允许某人去做某事(后接动词不定式)

    My father allowed me to go out for a walk after finishing my

    asked sb (not) to do sth 叫某人做事某事(叫某人不要去做某事)

    My father asked me to study

    He asked me not to swim

    be asked to do sth 被叫去做某事/被邀请去做某事

    I was asked to have a dinner with them

    be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事

    She is afraid to ask me

    be afaid of doing sth 害怕做某事

    I am afraid of going out at

    be afaid of sth 害怕某物

    He is afraid of

    be amazed to do sth 对做某事感到惊讶

    He was amazed to meet the girl

    be amazed at sth 对某事感到惊讶

    they were amazed at the

    be busy doing/with sth 忙于做某事(常考)

    I was busy washing my car at that 那时候我正忙于清洗我的车子。

    I am busy with my

    becoming/going/leaving/fiying/moving/dying(某些位移动词用进行时态时表将来)

    the bus is coming/the dog is

    be excited to do sth 对做……感到兴奋

    Jacky was excited to travel there by

    be excited at sth

    Lily was excited at his

    be excited about doing sth

    he was excited about passing the exam without going overing

    be frightened to do sth 害怕去做某事

    Sam is frightened to ride a

    be glad/happy to do sth 高兴去做某事

    She is happy to clean theblackboard with

    be pleased to do sth高兴做某事

    She was pleased to helpthe old man

    be pleased with sth 对某事感到高兴/满意

    The teacher was pleasedwith my

    interested in sth/doing sth 对某事感兴趣/对做某事感兴趣

    She is interested inswimming in the

    My btother is interestedin

    be/get ready for/to do sth

    be ready for 为某事做好了准备

    We are ready for the

    Be ready to do sth 为做某事做好了准备

    We are ready to have a birthday party for

    get ready for sth为某事在做准备

    We are getting ready for the

    be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到惊奇

    be surprised at sth 对某事感到惊奇

    This is nothing to be surprised

    I"d be surprised to see him on such an

    be worth doing sth 值得做某事(worth 后接动词-ing形式,常考)

    It was too remote to be worth thinking

    开始去做某事begin to do sth begin/start to do/doing sth

    When do children begin to go to school?

    can/be able to afford (to buy) sth 有能力负担(购买)……

    At this rate we won"t be able to afford a

    can/may/must do sth could/would/should/might do sth

    We may come at another

    can"t wait todo sth 迫不急待地去做某事

    I can’t wait to hear the

    decide to do sth 决定去做某事

    make up one"s mind to do sth 下决心去做某事(常考)

    make a decision to do sth 对做某事作出决定

    What do they decide to do?

    I have made up my mind to go with him

    deserve to do sth 值得/应该做……

    We must admit that she did deserve to

    encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人去做某事

    Encourage them to do some other helpful

    enjoy doing sth 喜欢去做某事

    I enjoy reading the story book

    expect (sb) to do sth 期望去做某事

    Don"t expect him to help

    fail to do sth 做某事失败

    succeed doing sth 成功做了某事

    If you don" t work, you willfail to pass the

    finish doing sth 做完某事(后接动词-ing形式)(常考)

    After finish doing your homework, you can have a

    follow sb to do sth 跟随某人去做某事

    Follow me to read the new

    get sb to do sth / make sb do sth/ let sb do st 让某人做某事(后接动词原形)

    Her jokes made us

    get/have a chance to do sth 得到一个做某事的机会

    I"m very happy to have a chance to visit your

    give/pass/show/lend/sell sb sth/sth to sb

    buy/get/bring sb sth/sth for sb

    Please give me a piece of

    I bought him a drink in return for his

    go on to do sth /go on doing sth 继续做事(常考)

    Go on doing the exercise after a short

    hate to do/doing sth 讨厌/不喜欢做某事

    Ihate to tell the news to

    have fun doing sth 做某事很有趣

    Have fun getting to know each

    have problems doing sth 做某事遇到困难

    Many people have problems getting to sleep at

    have sb do sth/have sth done 让某人做某事

    This is the best work you have ever

    hear sb do sth 听到某人做某事(后接动词原形,常考)

    hear sb doing sth 听到某人正在做某事(常见)

    I heard someone

    help to do sth 帮忙做某事

    help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

    I"ll help you clean the

    hope/wish to do sth 希望做某事

    wish sb to do sth 希望某人做某事

    I wish to take this opportunity to thank you

    It seems that 这像是……(后接从句)

    seem to do sth

    seem +adj

    It"seems that you are

    Does that seem to make sense?

    It"s + adj+(for sb) to do sth .

    It"s+adj +(of sb) to do sth

    It"s glad for him to hear the

    小升初英语语法知识点 第5篇

    表示时间概念的某一个点。(在某时刻、时间、阶段等)。

    at 1:00(dawn,midnight,noon)在一点钟(黎明、午夜、中午)

    1)表示具体日期。

    注:(1)关于“在周末”的几种表示法:

    at(on)the weekend在周末---特指

    at(on)weekends在周末---泛指

    over the weekend在整个周末

    during the weekend在周末期间

    (2)在圣诞节,应说at Christmas而不说on Christmas

    2)在(刚……)的时候。

    On reaching the city he called up his

    一到城里他就给父母打了一个电话。

    1)表示“时段”、“时期”,在多数情况下可以和during互换,前者强调对比,后者强调持续。in(during)1988(December,

    the 20th century)在一九八八年(十二月、二十世纪)

    小升初英语语法知识点 第6篇

    (1)this和that是指示代词,it是人称代词。

    (2)距离说话人近的人或物用this, 距离说话人远的人或物用that。如:
    This is a 这是一朵花。(近处)That is a 那是一棵树。(远处)

    (3)放在一起的两样东西,先说this, 后说that。如:This is a That is a 这是一支钢笔。那是一支铅笔。

    (4)向别人介绍某人时说This is…, 不说That is…。如:This is Helen, this is 这是海伦,海伦,这是汤姆。

    (5)This is 不能缩写, 而That is可以缩写。如:This is a That’s a 这是一辆自行车。那是一辆轿车。

    (6)打电话时,介绍自己用this, 询问对方用that。如:-Hello! Is that Miss Green? 喂,是格林小姐吗?-Yes, this Who’s that? 是的,我是,你是谁?注意:虽然汉语中使用“我”和“你”,但英语中打电话时绝不可以说:I am…, Are you…?/Who are you?

    (7)在回答this或that作主语的疑问句时, 要用it代替this或that。如:①-Is this a notebook? 这是笔记本吗?-Yes, it 是的,它是。②-What’s that? 那是什么?-It’s a 是只风筝。

    小升初英语语法知识点 第7篇

    (1) 直读式,即直接读出时间数字

    7:05 seven five 8:16 eight sixteen

    (2) 过、差式,即几点差几分,几点过几分。(以30分为分界线)1:25 twenty-five past one 2:30 half past two

    3:43seventeen to four 4:38 twenty-two to five

    (3)12小时制

    6:00 上午6点 8:20 下午8点20分

    (4)24小时制

    13:00

    13点钟 22:15 22点15分

    (5)15分可用quarter

    4:15

    a quarter past four 5:45 a quarter to six

    (6)时间前通常用

    at 5 o’clock at 7:30

    小升初英语语法知识点 第8篇

    (1)一般现在时:

    一般现在时的构成

    be动词:主语+be(am, is, are)+其它。如:I am a 我是一个男孩。

    行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。

    如:
    We study 我们学习英语。

    当主语为第三人称单数(he, she, it)时,要在动词后加“-s”或“-es”。如:Mary likes 玛丽喜欢汉语。

    动词+s的变化规则

    一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

    以 o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

    以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies

    (2)一般过去时:

    动词过去式详解 动词的过去式的构成规则有:

    A、规则动词

    ① 一般直接在动词的后面加ed:如worked , learned , cleaned , visited

    ②以e结尾的动词直接加d:如lived , danced , used

    ③ 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词要改y为i再加ed(此类动词较少)如study – studied carry – carried worry–

    worried (注意play、stay不是辅音字母加y,所以不属于此类)

    ④ 双写最后一个字母(此类动词较少)如stopped

    B、不规则动词(此类词并无规则,须熟记)小学阶段要记住以下动词的原形和过去式:sing – sang , eat– ate ,

    see – saw , have – had , do – did , go – went , take – took , buy – bought , get –got , read – read

    ,fly – flew , am/is – was ,

    are – were , say – said , leave – left , swim – swam , tell – told , draw – drew ,come – came , lose

    – lost , find – found , drink – drank , hurt – hurt , feel – felt

    (3)一般将来时:

    基本结构:
    ①be going to + do;

    ②will+ be going to = will

    I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming

    (4)现在进行时:
    am,is,are+动词现在分词

    动词现在分词详解 动词的ing形式的构成规则:

    ① 一般的直接在后面加上ing , 如doing , going , working , singing , eating

    ② 以e 结尾的动词,要先去e再加ing,如having , writing

    ③ 双写最后一个字母的(此类动词极少)有:running , swimming , sitting , getting

    第三部分:句法

    陈述句

    (1)肯定句:是指用肯定的语气来陈述的句子,如:I’m a She is a He works in a

    There are four fans in our He will eat lunch at 12:
    I watched TV yesterday

    (2)、否定句:含有否定词或表示否定意义词的句子,如:I’m not a She is not (isn’t) a

    He does not (doesn’t) work in a There are not (aren’t) four fans in our

    He will not (won’t) eat lunch at 12:
    I did not (didn’t) watch TV yesterday

    疑问句

    一般疑问句:是指询问事实的句子,此类句子必须用“yes”,或“no”来回答。

    特殊疑问句:以特殊疑问词(what , where , who , which , when , whose , why , how等)开头引导的句子。此类句子应该

    问什么就答什么,不能用“yes 、no”来回答。

    be句型

    There be 句型与have, has的区别

    1、There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人)x kb om

    2、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be动词根据最__近be 动

    3、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。

    4、there be句型与have(has) 的区别:there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表示某人拥有某物。

    5、some 和any 在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。

    6、and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句, or 用于否定句或疑问句。

    7、针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

    How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语?

    How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?

    8、针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

    What’s + 介词短语?

    小升初英语语法知识点 第9篇

    Jim’s coat 吉姆的外套 Jeff’s mother杰夫的妈妈

    以s结尾的复数名词,只加“’”Teachers’ Day教师节 the twins’ books双胞胎的书

    不以s结尾的不规则的名词复数,加“ ’s ”Children’s Day 儿童节 men’s shoes男式鞋

    表示两者共同拥有时,只在最后一个名词后加’sLucy and Lily’s mother 露茜和莉莉的妈妈(共同的妈妈,一个妈妈)

    表示两者各自拥有时,要在每个名词后加’sLucy’s and Kate’s rooms 露茜和凯特的房间(各自的房间,两间房子)

    小升初英语语法知识点 第10篇

    名词有单数和复数两种形式

    1、名词的单数:表示一个人或一个事物

    2、名词的复数:表示一个人以上的人或事物

    名词复数的变化规律如下:

    1、多数情况下在名词后面加S,s 在清辅音后读【S】

    2、以s,x,sh,ch为结尾的词在词尾加es, es读作【iz】

    3、以f,fe为结尾的词去掉f或fe加ves,ves读作【vz】

    4、以辅音加y结尾的词,变y 为ies

    5、以元音加y结尾的词,直接加s

    6、不规则变化

    a变成e

    Man-men

    woman-women

    policeman-policemen

    Policewoman-policewomen

    小升初英语语法知识点 第11篇

    (1)不定冠词:a / an a unit / an uncle

    元音开头的可数名词前用an :

    an egg / an apple / an orange / an eraser / an answer / an ID card / an alarm clock / an actor / an actress /

    an e-mail / an address / an event / an example / an opera / an houran old man / an interesting book / an

    exciting sport / an action movie / an art lesson /

    (2)定冠词:the the egg the plane

    用法:

    定冠词的用法:

    (1)特指某(些)人或某(些)物:
    The ruler is on the

    (2)复述上文提到的人或物:He has a The sweater is

    (3)谈话双方都知道的人或物:The boys aren’t at

    (4)在序数词前:
    John’s birthday is February the

    (5)用于固定词组中:
    in the morning / afternoon / evening

    不用冠词的情况:

    (1)专有名词前:China is a big

    (2)名词前有定语:this , that , my , your , some, any , no 等:

    This is my

    (3)复数名词表示一类人和事:Monkeys can’t They are

    (4)在节日,日期,月份,季节前:Today is Christmas It’s

    (5)一日三餐前:We have breakfast at 6:

    (6)球类 棋类运动前:They often play football after He plays chess at

    ▲但乐器前要用定冠词:I play the guitar very

    (7)学科名称前:My favorite subject is

    (8)在称呼或头衔的名词前:This is Mr

    (9)固定词组中:at noon at night by bus

    小升初英语语法知识点 第12篇

    人称代词 物主代词

    主格 宾格

    第一

    人称 单数 I(我) me my(我的)

    复数 we(我们) us our(我们的)

    第二

    人称 单数 you(你) you your(你的)

    复数 you(你们) you your(你们的)

    第三

    人称 单数 he(他) him his(他的)

    she(她) her her(她的)

    it(它) it its(它的)

    复数 they(他们/她们/它们) them their(他们的/她们的/它们的)

    小升初英语语法知识点 第13篇

    一、基数词

    (1)1-20

    one,two,three,four,five,six,seven,eight,nine,ten,eleven,twelve,thirteen,fourteen,fifteen,

    sixteen,seventeen,eighteen,nineteen,twenty

    (2)21-99 先说“几十”,再说“几”,中间加连字符。

    23→twenty-three,34→thirty-four,45→forty—five,56→fifty-six,67→sixty-seven,78→seventy-eight,89→

    eighty-nine,91→ninety-one

    (3)101—999先说“几百”,再加and,再加末两位数或末位数;

    586→five hundred and eighty-six,803→eight hundred and three

    (4)l,000以上,先从右往左数,每三位数加一个“,”,第一个“,”前为第二个“,”前为million,第三个“

    ,”前为billion

    1,001→one thousand and one

    18,423→eighteen thousand,four hundred and twenty-three

    6,260,309→six million two hundred and sixty thousand three hundred and nine

    750,000,000,000→seven hundred and fifty billion

    二、序数词

    (1)一般在基数词后加th

    →fourth,thirteen→thirteenth

    (2)不规则变化

    one→first,two→second,three→third,five→fifth,eight→eighth,nine→ninth,twelve—twelfth

    (3)以y结尾的十位整数,变y为ie再加th

    twenty→twentieth, forty→fortieth, ninety→ninetieth

    (4)从二十一后的“几十几”直至“几百几十几”或“几千几百几十几”只将个位的基数词变为序数词。

    twenty-first,two hundred and forty-fifth

    基数词转为序数词的口诀:

    基变序,有规律,词尾加上

    一,二,三,特殊记,词尾字母t,d,

    八去t,九去e, ve要用f替。

    ty将y变成i,th前面有个

    若是碰到几十几,前用基来后用序。

    小升初英语语法知识点 第14篇

    (一)、形容词的比较级

    1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用more, a

    little来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。

    形容词加er的规则:

    ⑴ 一般在词尾加er ;

    ⑵ 以字母e 结尾,加r ;

    ⑶ 以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er ;

    ⑷ 以“辅音字母+y”结尾,先把y变i,再加er 。

    不规则形容词比较级:

    good-better, beautiful-more beautiful

    (二)副词的比较级

    形容词与副词的区别 (有be用形,有形用be;有动用副,有副用动)

    ⑴在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后

    ⑵副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后

    副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同 (不规则变化:well-better, far-farther)

    推荐访问:知识点 汇编 英语语法 小升初英语语法知识点汇编14篇 小升初英语语法知识点(汇编14篇) 小升初英语语法知识点总结

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